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Freidenker (Nineteenth Century Freethinkers) - Marker in/near Comfort


Photo Credit: Bryden Moon

Freidenker (Nineteenth Century Freethinkers)


Marker #11673 - 2000 From 1845 to 1861, a number of German Freidenker ("Freethinkers") immigrated to the Texas hill country. Freethinkers were German intellectuals who advocated reason and democracy over religious and political authoritarianism. Many had participated in the 1848 German revolution and sought freedom in America. The Freidenker helped establish Bettina, Castell, Cypress Mill, Luckenbach, Sisterdale ,Tusculum (Boerne) and Comfort. Laid out in 1854, Comfort soon was home to about half the population of hill country Freethinkers. Freethinkers valued their newfound freedoms of speech, assembly and religion. Their settlements, where a knowledge of Latin was considered essential for a cultured intellectual society, became known as "Latin Colonies." They strongly supported secular education and generally did not adhere to any formal religious doctrines. They applied themselves to the crafts of physical labor and divided their time between farming and intellectual pursuits. Freethinkers advocated universal equal rights, and their moral values were dominated by their respect for life. They actively supported such social issues as the abolition of slavery and the rejection of secession. Their loyalty to the Union during the Civil War cost many their freedoms and their lives. Following the war, many Freethinkers relocated to nearby urban areas, while others returned to Germany. (2000) (301 SH 27, Comfort)


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Freidenker (Nineteenth Century Freethinkers)
Freidenker (Nineteenth Century Freethinkers)


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James House - Marker in/near Boerne


Photo Credit: Dietert Historical Archives -
Patrick Heath Public Library (Boerne)



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Staffel Family and the Staffel Store - Marker in/near Boerne


Photo Credit: Dietert Historical Archives -
Patrick Heath Public Library (Boerne)



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Lex Sanitarium - Marker in/near Boerne


Photo Credit: Dietert Historical Archives -
Patrick Heath Public Library (Boerne)



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Tunnel of the Fredericksburg & Northern Railway
August Ebers House
Ferdinand Hohenberger Farmstead
Stieler Ranch House
1907 Comfort State Bank Building
Treue Der Union (Loyalty to the Union) / The Gass Schmiede / Rice Home / Peter Joseph Ingenhuett Homestead / Paul Ingenhuett Home / Otto Brinkmann House / Ludwig Hein Home / Karger Building / Ingenhuett-Karger Saloon / Ingenhuett-Faust Hotel / Comfort Community TheatreMeyer Hotel Complex / Hygieostatic Bat Roost / Hermann and Antoine Ingenhuett Homestead / Hanisch House / Freidenker (Nineteenth Century Freethinkers) / Faltin Homestead / Comfort Post Office / Comfort Community Church / August Faltin Building / Arno Schwethelm BuildingBrownsboro CemeteryKendalia Community Church / C.S.A. Home Front Producer George Wilkins Kendall
Idlewilde Lodge
Waring Schoolhouse
Welfare School / Beseler Family
Nicolaus Zink
The Engel Store - Bergheim General Store
Dr. Ferdinand Ludwig Von Herff
Beseler House
Ludwig von Herrf, Dr. Ferdinand / George Wilkins KendallVogt-Clegg Log House / Theis House / Saint Helena Episcopal ChurchGerman Music in Boerne
Boerne CemeteryYe Kendall Inn / Staffel Family and the Staffel Store / Potter, Chaplain A.J. / Lex Sanitarium / Kendall County / Julius A. and Anna Phillip House / Joseph Dienger Building / Fabra Smokehouse / Boerne Chapter No. 200, Order of the Eastern Star (O.E.S.)Kuhlmann-King House / Weyrich Building / Kendall Masonic Lodge No. 897 / Kendall County Courthouse / Homesite of Albert Paul Kutzer / Henry J. Graham Building / Early Boerne Schoolhouses / 1860 Temporary Headquarters of Gen. Robert E. Lee
Stotts Home (Robert E. Lee House) / Saint PeterCascade Cavern

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Photo Credit: Dietert Historical Archives -
Patrick Heath Public Library (Boerne)



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Potter, Chaplain A.J. - Marker in/near Boerne


Photo Credit: Dietert Historical Archives -
Patrick Heath Public Library (Boerne)



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George Wilkins Kendall
Boerne Cemetery
Julius A. and Anna Phillip House
Beseler House
Saint Helena Episcopal Church
Kuhlmann-King HouseHenry J. Graham BuildingBoerne Chapter No. 200, Order of the Eastern Star (O.E.S.)Kendall Masonic Lodge No. 897
Lex SanitariumTheis HouseEarly Boerne Schoolhouses
Joseph Dienger BuildingKendall County Courthouse / Kendall CountyVogt-Clegg Log House
Ye Kendall InnGerman Music in Boerne
Fabra Smokehouse
Homesite of Albert Paul Kutzer
Staffel Family and the Staffel Store
Stotts Home (Robert E. Lee House) / 1860 Temporary Headquarters of Gen. Robert E. Lee
Weyrich Building
Saint Peter
James House

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Photo Credit: Col. Bettie Edmonds



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The Engel Store - Bergheim General Store - Marker in/near Bergheim


Photo Credit: Ted and Janis Maxymof



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